The Menstrual Cycle and Student Learning

Richardson, John T. E. (1991). The Menstrual Cycle and Student Learning. The Journal of Higher Education, 62(3) pp. 317–340.



Contrary to the frequent assumption that intellectual performance of female students varies through the menstrual cycle, this article argues that the process of menstruation has no effect upon academic performance when measured by quantitative tests or examinations. Subjective complaints of paramenstrual dysfunction originate in socially mediated beliefs rather than objective impairment.

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