Imagery and free recall

Richardson, John T. E. (1974). Imagery and free recall. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13(6) pp. 709–713.



Using three different procedures, it was found that the imageability of stimulus material affected the secondary memory component of free recall, but not the primary memory component. In a final recall test, a negative recency effect was found in the case of material of high imageability, but not in the case of material of low imageability. It was suggested that the negative recency effect is caused by the fact that subjects do not image the last few words presented in a free-recall task.

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