User evaluation of language learning mobile applications: a case study with learners of Spanish

Rosell-Aguilar, Fernando (2016). User evaluation of language learning mobile applications: a case study with learners of Spanish. In: Palalas, Agnieszka and Ally, Mohamed eds. The International Handbook of Mobile-Assisted Language Learning. Beijing: China Central Radio & TV University Press, pp. 545–581.


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Studies into the use of mobile applications (apps) for language learning have mostly focused on small samples of learners using a specific app rather than using the apps they have selected for themselves. More data is required to understand the ways learners engage with apps for language learning (through profiles of app users, how apps are used, and user opinions of learning with apps) to create a realistic picture of users in their natural settings. This chapter reviews current research, highlights the potential of mobile apps for language learning, and presents the results of a study into how a group of language learners use mobile apps of their choice. The study is innovative, as it provides the first comparison between app users and app non-users. Data was collected through a questionnaire (n= 85) and interviews (n=7). The results suggest that there are differences in age and gender between learners who use mobile apps and those who do not. The results also indicate that learners use apps mostly for vocabulary development, translation, and grammar practice. Apps are used often, mostly informally, and for relatively short periods of time. Learners like the ability to practise specific areas, rapid access to information, ease of use, and gamification elements, but have concerns about reliability and other factors. All users reported that using apps improved their language skills to different degrees. The chapter discusses the implications of these findings for learner training and app development, reports on limitations, and highlights directions for further research into apps for language learning.

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