Inclusion agglomeration in electrified molten metal: thermodynamic consideration

Zhao, Z. C. and Qin, R. S. (2017). Inclusion agglomeration in electrified molten metal: thermodynamic consideration. Materials Science and Technology, 33(12) pp. 1404–1410.



The effect of electric current on inclusion agglomeration in molten metal has been investigated. It is found that the agglomeration is dependent on the electric current density, distance between inclusions and orientation of electric field. Electric current retards the agglomeration unless two inclusions are aligned along or closely to the current flow streamlines and the distance between inclusions is less than a critical value. The mechanism is also validated in the computation of cluster agglomeration. The numerical results provide a comprehensive indication for the current-induced inclusion removal and current-induced inclusion elongation. When the inclusions are in long-thin shape, the calculation predicts the current-induced microstructure alignment and current-induced microstructure refinement phenomena.

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