Impact Position Variability in Golfers of Differing Skill Level

Langdown, Ben; Li, Francois-Xavier and Bridge, Matt (2013). Impact Position Variability in Golfers of Differing Skill Level. International Journal of Golf Science, 2(2) pp. 142–151.



This study examined the variable error (VE) for the golf impact position of high and low skilled golfers. A consistent shot type was employed by 20 golfers from 2 skill groups over 10-15 shots with a midiron. Analysis reported similar positional variability across categories. Significant differences were found for the whole group in VE of the distance of various body segments to the ball (p < .001) where variability reduced across the distance of the ball to the midpoint of the stance, compared with the pelvis and shoulders. Alignment variability significantly decreased toward distal segments of the kinematic sequence with VE for the alignment of stance relative to pelvis compared with stance relative to shoulders and pelvis relative to shoulders showing reduced levels (p < .001) in the low skilled golfers. Tilt variability in the frontal plane around the sagittal/anterior-posterior (AP) axis also presented significantly reduced levels from the pelvis to the shoulders (p < .001) with no effect of skill level. Conclusions suggest that coaches should pay particular attention to the variability presented at the distal end of the kinematic sequence and the alignment of the stance in relation to the pelvis.

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