Indigenous Peasant ‘Otherness’: Rural Identities and Political Processes in Bolivia

Fontana, Lorenza B. (2014). Indigenous Peasant ‘Otherness’: Rural Identities and Political Processes in Bolivia. Bulletin of Latin American Research, 33(4) pp. 436–451.



Since Morales's election, rural movements have become the new protagonists of Bolivian politics. Previous analyses have emphasised their active role in shaping national politics, often focusing on those organisations as a compact block. However, their relationship is marked by both cooperation and fragmentation. This article provides a narrative of Bolivian socio-political history over the last 60 years, establishing four main phases of identitarian articulations/disarticulations. It demonstrates the high degree of interdependence and fluidity of ethnic and class identities, as well as their interconnections with the broader socio-political context and the national legal and institutional changes.

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