OpenQuest: Designing a Motivational Framework for MOOCs Instruction

Mystakidis, Stylianos and Herodotou, Christothea (2016). OpenQuest: Designing a Motivational Framework for MOOCs Instruction. In: MOOCs in Europe, European Commission, Maastricht, pp. 141–145.



This paper introduces an innovative motivational framework for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) instructional design coined as Open Quest Framework (OpenQuest). OpenQuest aims to improve learning and user engagement in MOOCs by drawing lessons from the success of quest-based initiatives, gamified web platforms, and massive-multiplayer online games (MMOs). The framework is grounded on established motivational theories such as the Self-Determination Theory and Situated Motivational Affordance. It supplements existing MOOCs design schemes that usually focus on pedagogy, assessment and technology. It features specific motivational mechanisms including, quests and narration, reputation systems, progression mechanisms, multiple learning pathways, well-designed feedback and social elements, that can be used to enhance learners' engagement and personalize learning.

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