A global shutter CMOS image sensor for hyperspectral imaging

Stefanov, Konstantin D.; Dryer, Ben. J.; Hall, David J.; Holland, Andrew D.; Pratlong, Jérôme; Fryer, Martin and Pike, Andrew (2015). A global shutter CMOS image sensor for hyperspectral imaging. In: Proceedings of SPIE, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 9602, article no. 96020K.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187856


Hyperspectral imaging has been providing vital information on the Earth landscape in response to the changing environment, land use and natural phenomena. While conventional hyperspectral imaging instruments have typically used rows of linescan CCDs, CMOS image sensors (CIS) have been slowly penetrating space instrumentation for the past decade, and Earth observation (EO) is no exception. CIS provide distinct advantages over CCDs that are relevant to EO hyperspectral imaging. The lack of charge transfer through the array allows the reduction of cross talk usually present in CCDs due to imperfect charge transfer efficiency, and random pixel addressing makes variable integration time possible, and thus improves the camera sensitivity and dynamic range. We have developed a 10T pixel design that integrates a pinned photodiode with global shutter and in-pixel correlated double sampling (CDS) to increase the signal to noise ratio in less intense spectral regimes, allowing for both high resolution and low noise hyperspectral imaging for EO. This paper details the characterization of a test device, providing baseline performance measurements of the array such as noise, responsivity, dark current and global shutter efficiency, and also discussing benchmark hyperspectral imaging requirements such as dynamic range, pixel crosstalk, and image lag.

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