Pratiche agroecologiche in Europa: adeguare o trasformare il sistema agroalimentare?
[Agroecological practices in Europe: Conforming – or transforming the dominant agro-food regime?]

Levidow, Les (2013). Pratiche agroecologiche in Europa: adeguare o trasformare il sistema agroalimentare?
[Agroecological practices in Europe: Conforming – or transforming the dominant agro-food regime?].
Bioagricultura(142) pp. 43–46.

URL: http://www.aiab.it/index.php?option=com_content&vi...

Abstract

[Excerpts from the original English-language version.]

Agroecology historically has been defined as the application of ecology to agricultural systems. From a broader perspective, agroecology has three practical forms – transdisciplinary knowledges involving practitioners, interdisciplinary agricultural practices and social movements. Their integration has provided a collective-action mode for contesting the dominant agro-food regime and creating alternatives, especially through a linkage with food sovereignty...

A transformative role depends on wider development models for enhancing farmers’ livelihoods and strengthening networks involving all relevant actors of food systems – farmers, citizens, civil society organisations, experts and local public authorities. A territorial model can enhance synergies between farm-level resource usage, other local activities, agro-ecosystems and wider food systems, e.g. agro-eco-tourism. Farmers can create mutually interlinked products and services, thus better using the same resource base; for example, mixed farming at sub-regional level can help to close nutrient loops and link biomass with renewable energy systems at different scales. Agroecological practices already have a broad role by helping farmers to overcome dependence on external inputs, especially in the organic sector. Some conventional farmers too have sought to improve environmental sustainability through agroecological methods...

All those empowerment strategies build collective-action networks and transdisciplinary knowledge. They also potentially reshape agro-food markets, towards transforming the dominant agro-food regime through and for agroecology.

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