A process model for developing learning design patterns with international scope

Lotz, Nicole; Law, Effie Lai-Chong and Nguyen-Ngoc, Anh Vu (2014). A process model for developing learning design patterns with international scope. Educational Technology Research and Development, 62(3) pp. 293–314.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-014-9333-x


This paper investigates the process of identifying design patterns in international collaborative learning environments. In this context, design patterns are referred to as structured descriptions of best practice with pre-defined sections such as problem, solution and consequences. We pay special attention to how the scope of a design pattern is identified and articulated. Based on a review of the seminal design patterns literature and current practice in the area of learning design, the lack of a more specific process description for developing patterns with international scope is identified. The paper suggests a process model for developing patterns with international scope. This model is exemplified in a case study that links the analysis of observation in international learning environments to the articulation of design patterns by identifying culturally independent core values that constitute the foundations of a design pattern with international scope. These core values are linked to recurrent learning behaviors and specific artefacts that support learning in the articulation of a design pattern. The findings contribute to gaining a deeper understanding of the pattern scoping and abstraction process in international learning environments.

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