Synthesis of imidazolidin-4-one and 1H-imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole-2,5(3H,9bH)-dione derivatives of primaquine: scope and limitations

Gomes, Paula; Araújo, Maria J.; Rodrigues, Manuela; Vale, Nuno; Azevedo, Zelia; Iley, Jim; Chambel, Paula; Morais, Jose and Moreira, Rui (2004). Synthesis of imidazolidin-4-one and 1H-imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole-2,5(3H,9bH)-dione derivatives of primaquine: scope and limitations. Tetrahedron, 60(26) pp. 5551–5562.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tet.2004.04.077

Abstract

The synthesis of imidazolidin-4-one derivatives of primaquine as potential antimalarial agents is described. The target compounds were synthesized in three steps: (i) condensation of (^)-primaquine with Na-protected amino acids, (ii) removal of the Naprotecting group, and (iii) reaction of the N-acylprimaquine with a carbonyl compound: acetone, three cyclic ketones and veratraldehyde. Using 2-formylbenzoic acid in the third step afforded 1H-imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole-2,5(3H,9bH)-diones. All products were isolated in good to excellent yields. Whereas imidazolidin-4-ones were formed as mixtures of all possible diastereomers in equal amounts, 1H-imidazo[2,1-
a]isoindole-2,5(3H,9bH)-diones were produced in a stereoselective fashion. The compounds hydrolyse very slowly (t1/2 5–30 d) in pH 7.4 buffer to release primaquine. These primaquine derivatives are being submitted to biological assays, and preliminary results of their antimalarial activity are quite encouraging.

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  • Item ORO ID
  • 3994
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 0040-4020
  • Extra Information
  • Some of the symbols may not have transferred correctly into this bibliographic record.
  • Keywords
  • malaria; imidazolidinones; primaquine; Mannich bases; antimalarial; Imidazolidin-4-one; 1H-Imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole-2; 5(3H,9bH)-diones; Primaquine; stereoselectivity
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  • Other Departments > Other Departments
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  • Depositing User
  • James Iley

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