Open cycle thorium–uranium-fuelled nuclear energy systems

Ashley, Steve; Fenner, Richard; Nuttall, William and Parks, Geoffrey (2013). Open cycle thorium–uranium-fuelled nuclear energy systems. Proceedings of the ICE: Energy, 166(EN2) pp. 74–81.




The potential for countries that currently have a nominal nuclear energy infrastructure to adopt thorium–uranium-fuelled nuclear energy systems, using a once-through ‘open’ nuclear fuel cycle, has been suggested by the International Atomic Energy Agency. This review paper highlights generation II, III and III+ nuclear energy technologies that could potentially adopt an open thorium–uranium fuel cycle and qualitatively highlights the main differences between the open thorium–uranium and open uranium fuel cycles.

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