RefConcile – automated online reconciliation of bibliographic references

Sautter, Guido; Böhm, Klemens and King, David (2013). RefConcile – automated online reconciliation of bibliographic references. In: 15th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL), 9-11 Dec 2013, Bangalore, India.




Comprehensive bibliographies often rely on community contributions. In such a setting, de-duplication is mandatory for the bibliography to be useful. Ideally, it works online, i.e., during the addition of new references, so the bibliography remains duplicate-free at all times. While de-duplication is well researched, generic approaches do not achieve the result quality required for automated reconciliation. To overcome this problem, we propose a new duplicate detection and reconciliation technique called RefConcile. Aimed specifically at bibliographic references, it uses dedicated blocking and matching techniques tailored to this type of data. Our evaluation based on a large real-world collection of bibliographic references shows that RefConcile scales well, and that it detects and reconciles duplicates highly accurately.

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