Liquid phase pulsed laser ablation: a route to fabricate different carbon nanostructures

Al-Hamaoy, Ahmed; Chikarakara, Evans; Hussein, Jawad; Gupta, Kapil; Kumar, Dinesh; Rao, M. S. Ramachandra; Krishnamurthy, Satheesh; Morshed, Mohammad; Fox, Eoin; Brougham, Dermot; He, Xiaoyun; Vázquez, Mercedes and Brabazon, Dermot (2014). Liquid phase pulsed laser ablation: a route to fabricate different carbon nanostructures. Applied Surface Science, 302 pp. 141–144.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.09.102

Abstract

Carbon nanostructures in various forms and sizes, and with different speciation properties have been prepared from graphite by Liquid Phase - Pulsed Laser Ablation (LP-PLA) using a high frequency Nd:YAG laser. High energy densities and pulse repetition frequencies of up to 10 kHz were used in this ablation process to produce carbon nanomaterials with unique chemical structures. Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), micro-Raman and High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) were used to confirm the size distribution, morphology, chemical bonding, and crystallinity of these nanostructures. This article demonstrates how the fabrication process affects measured characteristics of the produced carbon nanomaterials. The obtained particle properties have potential use for various applications including biochemical speciation applications.

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