Child labour, education policy and governance in Cambodia

Kim, Chae-Young (2011). Child labour, education policy and governance in Cambodia. International Journal of Educational Development, 31(5) pp. 496–504.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.03.002

Abstract

This paper considers how the issue of child labour is located in Cambodian education policy debates and how it is affected by the major constraints surrounding the Cambodian education sector. In particular, it asks why Cambodian policy makers have not sought to address the issue explicitly despite its considerable, and adverse, impact on children’s school education. In doing so it first identifies the Cambodian education sector’s passive approach to child labour, leaving it as a problem to be resolved by wider economic development. Secondly, it finds that the major constraints surrounding the education sector, including the issue of its governance, contribute to sustain a wide gap between stated education policies and actual practice, thus further diminishing working children’s chances to benefit from a school education.

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