Quantum gates in mesoscopic atomic ensembles based on adiabatic passage and Rydberg blockade

Beterov, I. I.; Saffman, M.; Yakshina, E. A.; Zhukov, V. P.; Tretyakov, D. B.; Entin, V. M.; Ryabtsev, I. I.; Mansell, C. W.; MacCormick, C.; Bergamini, S. and Fedoruk, M. P. (2013). Quantum gates in mesoscopic atomic ensembles based on adiabatic passage and Rydberg blockade. Physical Review A, 88(1), article no. 010303(R).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.88.010303

Abstract

We present schemes for geometric phase compensation in an adiabatic passage which can be used for the implementation of quantum logic gates with atomic ensembles consisting of an arbitrary number of strongly interacting atoms. Protocols using double sequences of stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP) or adiabatic rapid passage (ARP) pulses are analyzed. Switching the sign of the detuning between two STIRAP sequences, or inverting the phase between two ARP pulses, provides state transfer with well-defined amplitude and phase independent of atom number in the Rydberg blockade regime. Using these pulse sequences we present protocols for universal single-qubit and two-qubit operations in atomic ensembles containing an unknown number of atoms.

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