Enthusiasm: developing critical action for second-order R&D

Russell, David B. and Ison, Raymond L. (2000). Enthusiasm: developing critical action for second-order R&D. In: Ison, Ray and Russell, David eds. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 136–160.

URL: http://www.cambridge.org/gb/knowledge/isbn/item570...


We were on a dust choked road somewhere between Wirrinya and Forbes in central western New South Wales. It was getting towards the end of an intense but absorbing week in which we were conducting the first ever 'rapid rural appraisal' (RRA) in Australia. This had involved visits to many farms and spending time with the farm families to hear about their histories of farming and the concerns and issues they now confronted. The impetus for the RRA had come from concerns about how and why particular research questions were asked and a strong feeling we held that the supposed clients of research, in this case farmers, were rarely active participants in formulating the research questions.

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