Introduction: Security and citizenship

Guillaume, Xavier and Huysmans, Jef (2013). Introduction: Security and citizenship. In: Guillaume, Xavier and Huysmans, Jef eds. Citizenship and Security The Constitution of Political Being. PRIO New Security Studies. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 1–17.



To date, security studies has not been greatly interested in citizenship. Referring to conventional security studies, Linklater observed: "Conventional security studies is concerned with how states interact with one another, not with the ways they treat their national citizens" (Linklater 2005: 118). Although critical - or new - security studies (Krause and Williams 1997; Buzan and Hansen 2009) have widened the focus from states to individuals, groups, humanity, the environment, and the social, among others, they too have not really shown much interest in citizenship. They have focused on exploring the social and political processes that render issues into security questions, and the governmental rationales that security practice inscribes in phenomena. Their double lead question has been: how does securitizing take place, and what is the "securitiness" of securitization? Citizenship is rarely explicitly at the heart of these analyses.

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