Ca2+ entry into PC12 cells initiated by ryanodine receptors or inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors

Bennett, Deborah L.; Bootman, Martin D.; Berridge, Michael J. and Cheek, Timothy R. (1998). Ca2+ entry into PC12 cells initiated by ryanodine receptors or inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. Biochemical Journal, 329 pp. 349–357.



Capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) is a universal mechanism for refilling intracellular Ca2+ stores in electrically non-excitable cells. The situation in excitable cells is less clear, however, since they may rely on other entry mechanisms for Ca2+-store refilling. In the present study we investigated CCE in intact PC12 cells, using acetylcholine to bring about activation of InsP3 receptors (InsP3Rs), caffeine to activate ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and thapsigargin to inhibit sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase pumps. We found that depletion of the InsP3-, caffeine- or thapsigargin-sensitive stores promoted Ca2+ entry, suggesting that stimulation of either InsP3Rs or RyRs can activate CCE. The CCE pathways activated by InsP3Rs, RyRs and thapsigargin appeared to be independent at least in part, since their effects were found to be additive. However, CCE triggered by caffeine, acetylcholine or thapsigargin progressively diminished with time. The decay of CCE caused by one agent also inhibited subsequent responses to the others, suggesting that some component of the CCE pathway is common to all intracellular Ca2+ stores. The magnitude of CCE stimulated by InsP3Rs or RyRs was related to the size of the stores; the InsP3-sensitive store was smaller than the RyR-sensitive store and triggered a smaller entry component. However, both stores filled with a similar half time (about 1 min), and both could be filled more rapidly by depolarization-induced Ca2+ entry through voltage-operated channels. A significant basal Ca2+ influx was apparent in PC12 cells. The basal entry component may be under the control of the InsP3-sensitive Ca2+ store, since short incubations in Ca2+-free medium depleted this store.

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