Development during the school years

Farrington-Flint, Lee; Betts, Lucy; Larkin, Rebecca; Stiller, James; Torrance, Mark and Williams, Gareth (2010). Development during the school years. In: Banyard, Philip; Davies, Mark; Norman, Christine and Winder, Belinda eds. Essential Psychology: A Comprehensive Introduction. London: Sage, pp. 276–295.



How do children develop their abilities and become adults? This chapter will consider the role of child development during the school years. We will focus on the development of cognitive, language and social skills. We begin by discussing factors that influence children's development within the school environment and how the environment plays a fundamental role in refining our understanding of how children continue to develop throughout their school years. Following on from Chapter 13, we will discuss theories of cognitive development, including the work of Piaget and Vygotsky, and the implications of these theoretical approaches for children's learning and their schooling. The chapter will then consider children's language development and changes that occur in children's theory of mind and social reasoning, all of which are important for the development of social skills in lager years. We will aslo discuss the skills that children learn whilst they are at school and the processes that underlie the development of language and reading ability. Finally, in this chapter we will consider how the social world of children changes as they enter school and how this is reflected in the importance of peer relationships, friendships and experiences of bullying.

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