Comparing graphic actions between remote and proximal design teams

Garner, Steve (2001). Comparing graphic actions between remote and proximal design teams. Design Studies, 22(4) pp. 365–376.




This paper outlines the conduct and findings of a research project which compared the sketching activity and sketched output of pairs of design students collaborating face-to-face with other pairs linked by computer mediated tools. The paper proposes that attention to the nature and dispersion of 'graphic acts' can lead to a better understanding of the exploitation of sketching between remotely located design participants. Sketch Graphic Acts (SGAs) are used to illuminate the phenomenon of shared sketches and the importance of 'thumbnail' sketches - which were commonly exploited in laboratory studies of face-to face collaborative working but which were significantly impoverished in studies of computer mediated, remote collaborative working.

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