Interactive intelligence: behaviour-based AI, musical HCI and the Turing Test

Linson, Adam; Dobbyn, Chris and Laney, Robin (2012). Interactive intelligence: behaviour-based AI, musical HCI and the Turing Test. In: Revisiting Turing and his Test: Comprehensiveness, Qualia, and the Real World, Symposium no. 7 at AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012: Alan Turing Year 2012, 2-6 Jul 2012, Birmingham, UK.



The field of behaviour-based artificial intelligence (AI), with its roots in the robotics research of Rodney Brooks, is not predominantly tied to linguistic interaction in the sense of the classic Turing test (or, "imitation game"). Yet, it is worth noting, both are centred on a behavioural model of intelligence. Similarly, there is no intrinsic connection between musical AI and the language-based Turing test, though there have been many attempts to forge connections between them. Nonetheless, there are aspects of musical AI and the Turing test that can be considered in the context of non-language-based interactive environments–-in particular, when dealing with real-time musical AI, especially interactive improvisation software. This paper draws out the threads of intentional agency and human indistinguishability from Turing’s original 1950 characterisation of AI. On the basis of this distinction, it considers different approaches to musical AI. In doing so, it highlights possibilities for non-hierarchical interplay between human and computer agents.

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