The social economy in Europe: trends and challenges

Spear, Roger (2010). The social economy in Europe: trends and challenges. In: Mook, Laurie; Quarter, Jack and Ryan, Sherida eds. Researching the Social Economy Matters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 84–105.



This paper gives an overview of the social economy in Europe. Drawing on the most recent statistical data, the paper examines the social economy’s size in different European countries, and current trends and challenges in Europe; it also reviews its status and political context at the EU level. The paper draws on the CIRIEC (2007) study of the Social Economy in the European Union (see:, and the contribution on social enterprise draws on the work of the EMES Network (see

Viewing alternatives

No digital document available to download for this item

Item Actions