Use of Homeric references in Plato and Xenophon

Yamagata, Naoko (2012). Use of Homeric references in Plato and Xenophon. The Classical Quarterly, 62(1) pp. 130–144.



This article examines the use of Homeric quotations and references in Plato and Xenophon, and is intended as a contribution to the debate over so-called Socratic problem. The distribution of such references in both authors indicates that the historical Socrates probably did use Homeric references frequently in his conversation, but the myth-making out of Homeric elements is unique to Plato's Socrates and therefore is likely to be more Platonic than Socratic.

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