Science objectives of the NOMAD spectrometer on ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter

Daerden, F.; Vandaele, A. C.; Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Drummond, R.; Patel, M. R.; Belluci, G. and and the NOMAD team (2011). Science objectives of the NOMAD spectrometer on ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter. In: EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2011, 2-7 Oct 2011, Nantes.



The "Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery" (NOMAD) instrument on ESA and NASA's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (EMTGO) will conduct a spectroscopic survey of the Martian atmosphere in the infrared (IR) and UV/visible spectral regions, both in solar occultation and nadir looking modes (see: Vandaele, A.C., same session). In the IR wavelength domain, the spectral resolution (~0.15 cm-1) surpasses those of previous surveys of Mars by more than an order of magnitude, this channel's heritage derives from the SOIR instrument with proven success on ESA's Venus Express mission [1]. An additional light-weight channel UVIS extends the survey to UV and visible wavelengths with a 1-2 nm resolution. NOMAD will search for active geology, volcanism and life by looking for the atmospheric markers of these processes on Mars, confining the source regions, and providing crucial information on the nature of the processes involved. NOMAD will also extend the survey of major climatology cycles of Mars.

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