Regional Byzantine Monumental Art from Venetian Crete

Lymberopoulou, Angeliki (2013). Regional Byzantine Monumental Art from Venetian Crete. In: Lymberopoulou, Angeliki and Duits, Rembrandt eds. Byzantine Art and Renaissance Europe. Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 61–99.



This chapter discusses the decoration of Orthodox churches on Crete during the period of Venetian rule (1211-1669). It analyses the geographical dispersion of the decorated churches (taking into account that urban re-development has destroyed the majority of the churches in the main cities situated on the north coast of the island) and the chronology of the fresco cycles (most of which date from the 14th and 15th centuries, so that the end of their period of production coincides with the beginning of the more famous manufacture of hybrid icons on Crete). It also questions the accepted theory that the conservative style and iconography of frescoes in Cretan churches are a manifestation of the prolonged hostility of the native Orthodox population towards the Venetian colonists and casts light on a more diverse relationship between the two sets of the island's inhabitants.

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