Guidelines for the design of location-based audio for mobile learning

FitzGerald, Elizabeth; Sharples, Mike; Jones, Robert and Priestnall, Gary (2011). Guidelines for the design of location-based audio for mobile learning. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 3(4) pp. 70–85.



A consistent finding of research into mobile learning guides and outdoor learning games has been the value of audio as a medium of communication. This paper discusses the value of location-based and movement-sensitive audio for learning. Three types of audio learning experience are distinguished, based primarily upon differing levels of narrative cohesion: audio vignettes, movement-based guides and mobile narratives. An analysis of projects in these three areas has resulted in the formulation of guidelines for the design of audio experiences. A case study of a novel audio experience, called ‘A Chaotic Encounter,’ delivers an adaptive story based on the pattern of movements of the user.

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