The 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano – combined analyses of thermal satellite data and reduced displacement

van Manen, Saskia M.; Dehn, Jonathan; West, Michael E.; Blake, Stephen and Rothery, David A. (2010). The 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano – combined analyses of thermal satellite data and reduced displacement. In: Power, John A.; Coombs, Michelle L. and Freymueller, Jeffrey T. eds. The 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano, Alaska. USGS Professional Paper (1769). Reston, VA, USA: US Geological Survey, pp. 553–567.



Augustine Volcano erupted explosively after 20 years of quiescence on January 11, 2006, followed by approximately 2 months of dome building and lava extrusion. This is the best monitored eruption in Alaska to date; the diverse complementary datasets gathered enable an interdisciplinary interpretation of volcanic activity. An analysis of reduced displacement (continuous measure of seismic tremor amplitude) and thermal energy output (from satellite imagery) observed between January 1 and April 30, 2006, shows relationships linked to the type of eruptive activity. Three different types of volcanic behavior can be identified as they show specific patterns in the combined data sets: (1) explosive activity, (2) lava extrusion (dome growth), and (3) cooling of erupted products. Explosive activity was characterized by high reduced displacement values but relatively low radiative thermal flux. Lava extrusion occurred in three distinct sequences characterized by increased values of reduced displacement and increased thermal emissions. Two periods of elevated thermal energy output and reduced displacement coincided with times of deflation, suggesting an increase in extrusion rate. Periods of cooling were marked by decreasing thermal emissions and reduced displacement. This work highlights the value of combined observations, which reveal more about the status of an active volcano than individual methods alone.

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