Media making and social reality

Toynbee, Jason (2008). Media making and social reality. In: Hesmondhalgh, David and Toynbee, Jason eds. The Media and Social Theory. Culture, Economy and the Social (1). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 265–279.


The chapter intervenes in the long-running debate in media studies concerning the priority of production of media vis a vis reception. It argues for the former, but uses critical realist social theory to do so, assembling a case for the essentially realist, that is to say world-directedness, of the media along the way.

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