Inclusion: beyond the human?

Blakeley, Georgina (2010). Inclusion: beyond the human? Contemporary Political Theory, 9(4) pp. 361–370.



Some recent developments in democratic theory have combined with practical concerns to challenge traditional understandings of political inclusion by extending this to the non-human realm. This article demonstrates the dynamic relationship between the theory and practice of inclusion by examining two projects: a resolution to grant certain rights to great apes passed by the Spanish parliament in 2008, and Bruno Latour's attempt to define a new politics based on complex assemblages of humans and non-humans. The choice of these projects is not incidental: the former has an explicitly practical intent while the latter is more theoretically focused. Both are interesting in and of themselves, but the point here is to explore what each can tell us about the interdependence between the theory and practice of inclusion.

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