Beyond Binaries

Wetherell, Margaret (1999). Beyond Binaries. Theory and Psychology, 9(3) pp. 399–406.



It is argued that Marxism is most useful for radical psychology in negative terms-as a form of critique. It has much less to offer as a positive theoretical programme. The binaries which make up Marxist epistemology (individual-social, culture-economy, base-superstructure, truth-falsity, real-illusory) constrain creative thought and lead to some by now predictable cul-de-sac. The Foucauldian emphasis on studying onto-formative practices is more useful. This claim is illustrated through a critical examination of Foster's construction of the discursive and extra-discursive, Osterkamp's premises regarding human nature, and the view of false consciousness developed by Augoustinos.

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