Modelling design interpretation as interplay of problem specification and problem solving

Dzbor, Martin and Zdrahal, Zdenek (2002). Modelling design interpretation as interplay of problem specification and problem solving. In: ASME 2002 Design Engineering Technical Conferences, 29 Sep - 2 Oct 2002, Montreal, Canada.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2002/DTM-34009

Abstract

Design is usually considered a reflective and ill-structured process. This paper presents a new, sequential model of such a process. Design is modelled as an interplay of two conceptually distinct activities — an explicit specification of a problem and a solution to it. The approach is novel in defining an operation of framing, i.e. interpretation of a given problem using certain conceptual commitments. So far, the interpretation of design problems enjoyed less rigorous investigation as the aspect of problem solving in both design theory and methodology. In this paper we model three reasoning patterns for (re-)interpreting design problems. These patterns are complemented by an operational framework based on abstracted similarity, and illustrated by extracts from experimental studies.

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