The Hindu Renaissance and notions of universal religion

Beckerlegge, Gwilym (2004). The Hindu Renaissance and notions of universal religion. In: Wolffe, John ed. Religion in History: Conflict, Conversion and Coexistence. Manchester: Manchester University Press in association with the Open University, pp. 129–160.



From its origins in the late seventeenth century, Calcutta grew from a British trading station on the river Hugli in Bengal to become recognized at its peak as the first city in Asia. It was a city of parks, palaces and neo-classical civic architecture, erected on top of a cluster of existing villages and embracing a temple that had long been a centre for the worship of Kali, the great Mother Goddess. Different communities typically lived in their own distinctive areas of the city. As the nineteenth century wore on, technological innovations such as trams and printing presses became part of the urban landscape. As the centre of the East India company's administration, Calcutta reflected the wealth of its officials and indigenous trading-partners and agents. This chapter will focus on the ways in which two prominent Hindu thinkers associated with this city responded to the encounter with Christianity.

Viewing alternatives

No digital document available to download for this item

Item Actions