Enduring consequences of experimentally induced biases in interpretation

Yiend, Jenny; Mackintosh, Bundy and Mathews, Andrew (2005). Enduring consequences of experimentally induced biases in interpretation. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(6) pp. 779–797.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.06.007


Previous research has demonstrated that it is possible to induce biases in the interpretation of ambiguous text passages by training. Participants consistently trained to interpret emotionally ambiguous passages in either a negative or positive direction show training-congruent effects when presented with new ambiguous material. These training effects are demonstrated by participants' subsequent recognition ratings for disambiguating sentences, which represent both possible meanings of the novel ambiguous test passages. In this series of experiments, we investigated the durability of these training effects over time spans of up to 1 day and found them to be robust. The findings encourage us to believe that induced biases may serve as a useful analogue to those observed clinically.

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