Racism, criminalization and the development of night-time economies: Two case studies in London and Manchester

Talbot, Deborah and Böse, Martina (2007). Racism, criminalization and the development of night-time economies: Two case studies in London and Manchester. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30(1) pp. 95–118.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870601006579

Abstract

Nightlife has historically been identified as a social problem. In the contemporary context, however, this perspective competes with the promotion of the 'night-time economy' as a source of economic regeneration and extended licensing as a means to establish a more genteel 'caf society'. However, these changes have concealed a reconfiguration of differentiating strategies. This article explores this neglected issue through two cases studies, one based in London and one in Manchester, and examines the fate of black cultural forms, venues and licensees in contemporary nightlife. It will argue that, due to the historical criminalization of black youth, music and residential areas, black cultural spaces have been subject to a process of exclusion in the new playgrounds of the night-time economy. The implications of this for social cohesion will be examined.

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