Language Learning Strategies in Independent Settings

Hurd, Stella and Lewis, Tim eds. (2008). Language Learning Strategies in Independent Settings. Second Language Acquisition. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.



Language learning strategies have been a topic of research for roughy three decades. Broadly speaking, that research has focused on classroom tuition, predominantly at secondary level. Incresingly, however, langauge learning occurs in independent settings, whether at a distance on Instituion-Wide Language programmes (IWLPs), or in virutal environments. Success in independent langauge learning is achieved by autonomous individuals with a capacity for self-regulation. Yet we still know relatively little about the specific means they use to learn effectively, whether in terms of the affective strategies they employ to sustain motivation, the metacognitive strateiges required for planning, monitoring and evaluating their learning, or the specific cognitive strategies applied to difficult learning tasks, This volume discusses and evaluates these methods and addresses key issues for independent learners.

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