Academic-industry links and innovation: questioning the science park model

Quintas, Paul; Wield, David and Massey, Doreen (1992). Academic-industry links and innovation: questioning the science park model. Technovation, 12(3) pp. 161–175.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-4972(92)90033-E

Abstract

Considerable resources are being devoted to science parks as policy instruments aimed at promoting research-based industrial and innovative activity. The phenomenon, which began in the US and Europe, is now attracting interest throughout the world, including Eastern Europe, South America, and Africa. The concept of linkage between commercial enterprises and academic research is central to the US and UK science park model. Drawing on empirical research completed in the UK, the paper assesses the potential and actual role of science parks in linking academic research with industrial activity. These findings show that current UK experience does not demonstrate high levels of such linkages. Further, analysis of the empirical and theoretical basis for science parks, drawing on current understanding of the innovation process and the relationship between academic research and industrial activity, suggests that the science park model itself is problematic.

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