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Items Authored or Edited by Sandra Williams

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Number of items: 34.

Book Chapter

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2010). Generating texts in different styles. In: Argamon, Shlomo; Burns, Kevin and Dubnov, Shlomo eds. The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Manner and Meaning. Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 59–78. file

Journal Article

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2013). Hedging and rounding in numerical expressions. Pragmatics & Cognition, 21(1) pp. 193–223.

Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2012). Generating numerical approximations. Computational Linguistics, 38(1) pp. 113–134. file

Stevens, Robert ; Malone, James ; Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Third, Allan (2011). Automating generation of textual class definitions from OWL to English. Journal of Biomedical Semantics, 2(S 2:S5) file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2008). Generating basic skills reports for low-skilled readers. Natural Language Engineering, 14(4) pp. 495–525. file

Conference Item

Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Third, Allan (2014). How easy is it to learn a controlled natural language for building a knowledge base? In: Fourth Workshop on Controlled Natural Language, 20–22 August 2014, Galway, Ireland (forthcoming), Springer International Publishing AG. file

Bautista, Susana; Hervás, Raquel ; Gervás, Pablo ; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2013). A system for the simplification of numerical expressions at different levels of understandability. In: Natural Language Processing for Improving Textual Accessibility (NLP4ITA 2013), 14 June 2013, Atlanta, GA, USA, pp. 10–19. file

Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2013). Predicting the understandability of OWL inferences. In: Extended Semantic Web Conference 2013 (ESWC 2013) - Research Track, 26th May to 30th May, 2013, Montpellier, France, pp. 109–123. file

Nguyen, Tu; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2012). Measuring the understandability of deduction rules for OWL. In: First International Workshop on Debugging Ontologies and Ontology Mappings, 8th October 2012, Galway, Ireland. file

Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2012). Planning accessible explanations for entailments in OWL ontologies. In: 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2012), 30 May-1 June 2012, Utica, IL, USA, Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 110–114. file

Williams, Sandra (2011). Generating mathematical word problems. In: 2011 Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Fall Symposium on Question Generation, 4-6 November 2011, Arlington, Virginia, USA, pp. 61–64. file

Third, Allan; Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2011). OWL to English: a tool for generating organised easily-navigated hypertexts from ontologies. In: 10th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2011), 23 - 27 Oct 2011, Bonn, Germany. file

Williams, Sandra; Third, Allan and Power, Richard (2011). Levels of organisation in ontology verbalisation. In: 13th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 28-30 September 2011, Nancy, France. file

Bautista, Susana; Hervás, Raquel ; Gervás, Pablo; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2011). How to make numerical information accessible: experimental identification of simplification strategies. In: 13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2011), 5-9 September 2011, Lisbon, Portugal. file

Bautista, Susana ; Hervás, Raquel ; Gervás, Pablo ; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2011). Experimental identification of the use of hedges in the simplification of numerical expressions. In: Second Workshop on Speech and Language Processing for Assistive Technologies (SLPAT), 30 July 2011, Edinburgh, Scotland. file

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). Grouping axioms for more coherent ontology descriptions. In: 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2010), 07-09 Jul 2010, Dublin, Ireland, pp. 197–202. file

Stevens, Robert; Malone, James; Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). Automating class definitions from OWL to English. In: Proceedings of Bio-Ontologies 2010: Semantic Applications in Life Sciences SIG at the 18th Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB 2010), 9-13 July 2010, Boston, USA. file

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). A fact-aligned corpus of numerical expressions. In: Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), 19-21 May 2010, Malta. file

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2009). Precision and mathematical form in first and subsequent mentions of numerical facts and their relation to document structure. In: Proceedings of 12th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 30-31 March 2009, Athens, Greece, pp. 118–121. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2008). SkillSum: basic skills screening with personalised, computer-generated feedback. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Interactive Computer Aided Learning, 24 - 26 Sept 2008, Villach, Austria, pp. 1–8. file

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2008). Deriving rhetorical complexity data from the RST-DT Corpus. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08), 28-30 May 2008, Marrakech, Morocco. file

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2008). Three Approaches to Generating Texts in Different Styles. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Style in text: creative generation and identification of authorship, Volume 7, The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB 2008), 1-4 April 2008, University of Aberdeen, UK. file

Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Piwek, Paul (2008). Simulating emotional reactions in medical dramas. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Affective Language in Human and Machine, Volume 2, The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB) 2008 Convention: Communication, Interaction and Social Intelligence, 1-2 April 2008, Aberdeen, UK. file

Williams, Sandra; Piwek, Paul and Power, Richard (2007). Generating monologue and dialogue to present personalised medical information to patients. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 17-20 Jun 2007. file

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2005). Generating Feedback Reports for Adults Taking Basic Skills Tests. In: Proceeding of the The Twenty-fifth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12-14 Dec 2005, Cambridge, UK. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Deriving content selection rules from a corpus of non-naturally occurring documents for a novel NLG application. In: Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2005 Workshop on Using Corpora for Natural Language Generation, 14 July 2005, Birmingham, UK, Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), pp. 41–48. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Generating readable texts for readers with low basic skills. In: Proceeding of the 10th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 8-10 August 2005, Aberdeen, UK. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Appropriate Microplanning Choices for Low-Skilled Readers. In: Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-05 ), 30 July - 5 Aug 2005, Edinburgh, UK. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2004). Reading errors made by skilled and unskilled readers: evaluating a system that generates reports for people with poor literacy. In: Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse, 1 - 4 August, 2004, Chicago, Illinois, p. 21. file

Williams, Sandra; Reiter, Ehud and Osman, Liesl (2003). Experiments with discourse-level choices and readability. In: Proceedings of the 9th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG-2003), 13-14 April 2003, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 127–134. file

Reiter, Ehud; Sripada, Somayajulu and Williams, Sandra (2003). Acquiring and Using Limited User Models in NLG. In: Proceedings of the 9th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG-2003), 13-14 April 2003, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 87–94. file

Williams, Sandra (2003). Language choice models for microplanning and readability. In: Proceedings of the Student Workshop of the Human Language Technology and North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 27 May - 1 June, 2003, Edmonton, Canada, pp. 13–18. file

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2003). A corpus analysis of discourse relations for Natural Language Generation. In: Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 conference, 28 - 31 March, 2003, Lancaster University, UK, pp. 899–908. file

Other

Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2011). Justification Patterns for OWL DL Ontologies. Department of Computing, The Open University. file

This list was generated on Thu Oct 23 21:39:15 2014 BST.

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