Currently browsing: Items authored or edited by Sandra Williams

34 items in this list.
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2014To Top

Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Third, Allan (2014). How easy is it to learn a controlled natural language for building a knowledge base? In: Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Controlled Natural Language, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 20–32.

2013To Top

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2013). Hedging and rounding in numerical expressions. Pragmatics & Cognition, 21(1) pp. 193–223.

Bautista, Susana; Hervás, Raquel; Gervás, Pablo; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2013). A system for the simplification of numerical expressions at different levels of understandability. In: Natural Language Processing for Improving Textual Accessibility (NLP4ITA 2013), 14 Jun 2013, Atlanta, GA, USA, pp. 10–19.

Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2013). Predicting the understandability of OWL inferences. In: Extended Semantic Web Conference 2013 (ESWC 2013) - Research Track, 26 May to 30 May 2013, Montpellier, France, pp. 109–123.

2012To Top

Nguyen, Tu; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2012). Measuring the understandability of deduction rules for OWL. In: First International Workshop on Debugging Ontologies and Ontology Mappings, 8 Oct 2012, Galway, Ireland.

Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra (2012). Planning accessible explanations for entailments in OWL ontologies. In: 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2012), 30 May - 1 Jun 2012, Utica, IL, USA, Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 110–114.

2011To Top

Williams, Sandra (2011). Generating mathematical word problems. In: 2011 Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Fall Symposium on Question Generation, 4-6 Nov 2011, Arlington, Virginia, USA, pp. 61–64.

Bautista, Susana; Hervás, Raquel; Gervás, Pablo; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2011). How to make numerical information accessible: experimental identification of simplification strategies. In: 13th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2011), 5-9 Sep 2011, Lisbon, Portugal.

Bautista, Susana; Hervás, Raquel; Gervás, Pablo; Power, Richard and Williams, Sandra (2011). Experimental identification of the use of hedges in the simplification of numerical expressions. In: Second Workshop on Speech and Language Processing for Assistive Technologies (SLPAT), 30 Jul 2011, Edinburgh, Scotland.

2010To Top

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). Grouping axioms for more coherent ontology descriptions. In: 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2010), 07-09 Jul 2010, Dublin, Ireland, pp. 197–202.

Stevens, Robert; Malone, James; Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). Automating class definitions from OWL to English. In: Proceedings of Bio-Ontologies 2010: Semantic Applications in Life Sciences SIG at the 18th Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB 2010), 9-13 Jul 2010, Boston, USA.

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2010). A fact-aligned corpus of numerical expressions. In: Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), 19-21 May 2010, Malta.

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2010). Generating texts in different styles. In: Argamon, Shlomo; Burns, Kevin and Dubnov, Shlomo eds. The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Manner and Meaning. Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 59–78.

2009To Top

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2009). Precision and mathematical form in first and subsequent mentions of numerical facts and their relation to document structure. In: Proceedings of 12th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 30-31 Mar 2009, Athens, Greece, pp. 118–121.

2008To Top

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2008). SkillSum: basic skills screening with personalised, computer-generated feedback. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Interactive Computer Aided Learning, 24-26 Sep 2008, Villach, Austria, pp. 1–8.

Williams, Sandra and Power, Richard (2008). Deriving rhetorical complexity data from the RST-DT Corpus. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08), 28-30 May 2008, Marrakech, Morocco.

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2008). Three Approaches to Generating Texts in Different Styles. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Style in text: creative generation and identification of authorship, Volume 7, The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB 2008), 1-4 Apr 2008, University of Aberdeen, UK.

Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Piwek, Paul (2008). Simulating emotional reactions in medical dramas. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Affective Language in Human and Machine, Volume 2, The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB) 2008 Convention: Communication, Interaction and Social Intelligence, 1-2 Apr 2008, Aberdeen, UK.

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2008). Generating basic skills reports for low-skilled readers. Natural Language Engineering, 14(4) pp. 495–525.

2007To Top

Williams, Sandra; Piwek, Paul and Power, Richard (2007). Generating monologue and dialogue to present personalised medical information to patients. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 17-20 Jun 2007.

2005To Top

Reiter, Ehud and Williams, Sandra (2005). Generating Feedback Reports for Adults Taking Basic Skills Tests. In: Proceeding of the The Twenty-fifth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12-14 Dec 2005, Cambridge, UK.

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Deriving content selection rules from a corpus of non-naturally occurring documents for a novel NLG application. In: Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2005 Workshop on Using Corpora for Natural Language Generation, 14 Jul 2005, Birmingham, UK, Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), pp. 41–48.

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Generating readable texts for readers with low basic skills. In: Proceeding of the 10th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation, 8-10 Aug 2005, Aberdeen, UK.

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2005). Appropriate Microplanning Choices for Low-Skilled Readers. In: Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-05 ), 30 Jul - 5 Aug 2005, Edinburgh, UK.

2004To Top

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2004). Reading errors made by skilled and unskilled readers: evaluating a system that generates reports for people with poor literacy. In: Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse, 1-4 Aug 2004, Chicago, Illinois, p. 21.

2003To Top

Williams, Sandra; Reiter, Ehud and Osman, Liesl (2003). Experiments with discourse-level choices and readability. In: Proceedings of the 9th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG-2003), 13-14 Apr 2003, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 127–134.

Reiter, Ehud; Sripada, Somayajulu and Williams, Sandra (2003). Acquiring and Using Limited User Models in NLG. In: Proceedings of the 9th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG-2003), 13-14 Apr 2003, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 87–94.

Williams, Sandra (2003). Language choice models for microplanning and readability. In: Proceedings of the Student Workshop of the Human Language Technology and North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 27 May - 1 Jun 2003, Edmonton, Canada, pp. 13–18.

Williams, Sandra and Reiter, Ehud (2003). A corpus analysis of discourse relations for Natural Language Generation. In: Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 conference, 28-31 Mar 2003, Lancaster University, UK, pp. 899–908.

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