The Open UniversitySkip to content

Vacuolar degeneration affecting brain acrophages/microglia in variant CJD: a report on two cases

Rezaie, Payam and Al-Sarraj, Safa (2007). Vacuolar degeneration affecting brain acrophages/microglia in variant CJD: a report on two cases. Acta Neuropathologica, 114(6) pp. 651–658.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


We present the neuropathology of two cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) showing significant vacuolar degenerative alterations specifically affecting brain macrophages/microglia within the thalamus and, to a lesser extent, within the neocortical grey matter. Vacuolar degeneration in these cells was extensive, and likely to be associated with the development of a uniform sub-type of ‘spongiform’ vacuole seen in vCJD. The extensive morphological alterations described here closely resemble those very recently reported by Zucconi and colleagues, in response to experimental copper deficiency induced through dietary restriction, but could not be detected in cases of sporadic CJD examined. The significance of these novel findings are discussed in relation to copper homeostasis, loss of function of cellular prion protein and aberrant lysosomal catabolism within brain macrophages/microglia. This type of vacuolation may constitute a component of the overall profile of spongiform changes associated with vCJD.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2007 Springer-Verlag
ISSN: 1432-0533
Keywords: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease; macrophages; microglia; vacuole formation
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Biomedical Research Network (BRN)
Item ID: 9889
Depositing User: Payam Rezaie
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 16:49
Share this page:


Scopus Citations

▼ Automated document suggestions from open access sources

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340