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Transport responses to an economic blockade: necessity nudges Cuba towards a less transport intensive society

Warren, J. P. and Enoch, M. P. (2003). Transport responses to an economic blockade: necessity nudges Cuba towards a less transport intensive society. Traffic Engineering & Control, 44(8) pp. 278–281.

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Abstract

In transport terms, the Caribbean island nation of Cuba is unique because for the past forty years it has been subjected to an economic blockade by its erstwhile dominant trading partner, the United States. Furthermore, this economic pressure was exacerbated in the early 1990s with the political and economic collapse of the Former Soviet Union, and the Eastern European Socialist countries which had replaced the United States as Cuba’s principal trading partners. These events have led to a transformation in how goods and people are moved, not least because of a huge reduction in the amount of hard currency available to pay for fuel, vehicles and spare parts. This resulted in a number of innovative behavioural and technological outcomes.
In short, the impact of the post-Soviet State of Emergency on travel patterns in Cuba meant that Cuban imports as a whole fell by 75%, from 8.1bn Cuban Pesos in 1989 to 2.0bn Cuban Pesos in 1993, while over the same period in the transport sector, fuel (i.e. oil) imports were cut by 76%, and imports of transport equipment fell by 86%.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2003 Not known
ISSN: 0041-0683
Extra Information: This short article describes the transport situation in Cuba and specifically Havana during the early 1990's until 2002. All surface modes of transport are described along with policy measures to ensure mobility for the society.
Keywords: Cuba; transport; bus; cycle; mobility; animal traction; transport policy; blockade
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Engineering & Innovation
Item ID: 9481
Depositing User: James Warren
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 16:28
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/9481
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