Warren, J. P. and Enoch, M. P.
- Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (3324Kb) | Preview
|Google Scholar:||Look up in Google Scholar|
In transport terms, the Caribbean island nation of Cuba is unique because for the past forty years it has been subjected to an economic blockade by its erstwhile dominant trading partner, the United States. Furthermore, this economic pressure was exacerbated in the early 1990s with the political and economic collapse of the Former Soviet Union, and the Eastern European Socialist countries which had replaced the United States as Cuba’s principal trading partners. These events have led to a transformation in how goods and people are moved, not least because of a huge reduction in the amount of hard currency available to pay for fuel, vehicles and spare parts. This resulted in a number of innovative behavioural and technological outcomes.
In short, the impact of the post-Soviet State of Emergency on travel patterns in Cuba meant that Cuban imports as a whole fell by 75%, from 8.1bn Cuban Pesos in 1989 to 2.0bn Cuban Pesos in 1993, while over the same period in the transport sector, fuel (i.e. oil) imports were cut by 76%, and imports of transport equipment fell by 86%.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||2003 Not known|
|Extra Information:||This short article describes the transport situation in Cuba and specifically Havana during the early 1990's until 2002. All surface modes of transport are described along with policy measures to ensure mobility for the society.|
|Keywords:||Cuba; transport; bus; cycle; mobility; animal traction; transport policy; blockade|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Engineering & Innovation
Mathematics, Computing and Technology
|Depositing User:||James Warren|
|Date Deposited:||04 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||24 Feb 2016 06:47|
|Share this page:|
► Automated document suggestions from open access sources
Download history for this item
These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.