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Tracking passive drifters in a high resolution ocean model: implications for interannual variability of larval krill transport to South Georgia

Thorpe, S. E.; Heywood, K. J.; Stevens, D. P. and Brandon, M. A. (2004). Tracking passive drifters in a high resolution ocean model: implications for interannual variability of larval krill transport to South Georgia. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 51(7) pp. 909–920.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2004.02.008
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Abstract

A particle tracking scheme that uses velocity output from an interannually varying forced run of a global ocean circulation model (Parallel Ocean Climate Model; POCM 4C) allows variability in the transport pathways across the Scotia Sea to South Georgia to be examined for the first time. The time-variant surface fluxes introduce realistic variability into the model velocity fields. This causes large variations in near-surface, mixed-layer transport from the Antarctic Peninsula region to South Georgia, an island in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. The variability occurs on a variety of timescales with seasonal and longer periods of variability apparent in the 18 year time series of results. A quasi-four year period of variability is evident across the region in the sea surface temperature fields of POCM 4C and appears in the particle tracking results. This period, noted in other Southern Ocean data sets and ascribed to the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave, has been observed in the reproductive success of higher marine predators breeding on the island. The predicted oceanographic variability is likely to be significant for the South Georgia ecosystem by affecting the influx into the region of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba), the main prey of the higher predators.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0967-0637
Keywords: krill; physical oceanography; scotia sea; south georgia; model
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Environment, Earth and Ecosystems
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 9130
Depositing User: Mark Brandon
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 20:04
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/9130
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