Ray, Dwijesh; Iyer, Sridhar D.; Banerjee, Ranadip; Misra, Saumitra and Widdowson, Mike
A petrogenetic model of basalts from the Northern Central Indian Ridge: 3-11° S.
Acta Geologica Sinica, 81(1) pp. 99–112.
Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts (MORB) from the Northern Central Indian Ridge (NCIR) were recovered between latitudes 3° and 11° S and are olivine tholeiite with higher abundances of K and Rb. They are of typical transitional MORB (T-MORB) variety and appear to have been generated from an enriched-mantle peridotite source. The primitive NCIR MORBs having #Mg > 0.68 are the product of partial melting at an estimated pressure of ~ 10 kbar. It is inferred that the magma was subsequently modified at a pressure > 10 kbar by crystal fractionation and spinel was the first mineral to crystallize followed by separation of relatively Fe-rich olivine with subsequent decrease in pressure. During progressive fractionation at lower pressure (between 10–5 GPa), the bulk composition of the magma became systematically depleted in MgO, and enriched in total FeOt, TiO2, P2O5 and Na2O. There was, however, limited gradual depletion in Al2O3 and CaO and concomitant enrichment in K2O. With the progressive fractionation these basalts became gradually enriched in V, Co, Y, Zr and to some extent in Sr, and depleted in Ni and Cr. In addition, the total REE of the magma also increased with fractionation, without any change in (La/Yb)N value.
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