Clare, Linda; Wilson, Barbara A.; Carter, Gina; Roth, Ilona and Hodges, John H.
|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||http://doi.org/10.1076/jcen.126.96.36.199088|
|Google Scholar:||Look up in Google Scholar|
Awareness of difficulties may have an important impact on functioning and response to intervention in early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD). Clinical reports and retrospective studies suggest an association, but this has not previously been tested in a prospective study. Using a new measure of awareness, the Memory Awareness Rating Scale (MARS), which was designed to take account of methodological limitations identified in a review of previous studies, the present study explored the relationship between awareness of difficulties and outcome of a cognitive rehabilitation (CR) intervention in 12 participants with a diagnosis of early-stage Alzheimer's disease. The relationship between awareness and mood, behaviour and executive function was also assessed. The results provide the first demonstration in a prospective study that higher levels of awareness are related to better CR outcomes. Awareness was associated with depression and reported behaviour problems, but not with performance on tests of executive function. These results suggest that variations in level of awareness in early-stage AD are influenced by psychological factors, and that explanatory models need to take these factors into account. Awareness of difficulties may serve as a useful predictor of the likely effectiveness of CR, and this may assist clinicians in selecting appropriate interventions for individuals with early-stage AD.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Alzheimer's Disease; Awareness; Memory Awareness Rating Scale; Cognitive Rehabilitation; Outcome|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Biomedical Research Network (BRN)|
|Depositing User:||Ilona Roth|
|Date Deposited:||20 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2016 16:41|
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