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From imitation to innovation: the evolution of R&D capabilities and learning processes in the Indian pharmaceutical industry

Kale, Dinar and Little, Stephen (2007). From imitation to innovation: the evolution of R&D capabilities and learning processes in the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 19(5) pp. 589–609.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537320701521317
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Abstract

Over the last decade the Indian pharmaceutical industry has emerged as a leading supplier of generic drugs to both developing and developed countries. The movement of the Indian pharmaceutical industry along the R&D value chain represents a remarkable shift from an importer to an innovator of drugs. The Indian government's industrial and technology policies along with changes in Intellectual Property Rights regulation played a crucial role in shaping this development of R&D capability. Using the 'capability creation model' this paper discusses the learning processes and stages involved in this dramatic accumulation of technological capability.
This analysis shows that the Indian pharmaceutical industry has followed a trajectory from duplicative imitation to creative imitation to move up the value chain of pharmaceutical R&D. Finally as a result of changes in patent law the industry is learning to develop capabilities in innovative R&D. The basic and intermediate technological capabilities gained from imitative learning gave these firms a solid base for development of competence in advanced innovative R&D. These finding have implications for government policies as well as firm strategies in other developing countries albeit with some limitations due to global harmonisation of patent laws being promoted by the World Trade Organisation

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2007 Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1465-3990
Keywords: patent; intellectual property; innovation; pharmaceutical; India
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Development
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Faculty of Business and Law (FBL)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
Institute for Innovation Generation in the Life Sciences (Innogen)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 8507
Depositing User: Stephen Little
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 13:52
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/8507
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