Effect of Cooling Rate after Solution Treatment on Subsequent Phase Separation Evolution in Super Duplex Stainless Steel 25Cr-7Ni (wt.%)

Liu, Jianling; Das, Yadunandan; King, Stephen M.; Jonsson, Jan Y.; Wessman, Sten and Hedström, Peter (2022). Effect of Cooling Rate after Solution Treatment on Subsequent Phase Separation Evolution in Super Duplex Stainless Steel 25Cr-7Ni (wt.%). Metals, 12(5) p. 890.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/met12050890

Abstract

The effect of cooling rate after solution treatment on the initial structure of super duplex stainless steel 25Cr-7Ni (wt.%), and the effect of the initial structure on phase separation (PS) evolution during subsequent aging were investigated. The nanostructure in the bulk of the steel was studied using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Ex situ SANS experiments showed that the rate of PS differs during aging, due to the different initial structures imposed by the difference in cooling rate after solution treatment. In situ SANS experiments revealed that the PS is already pronounced after aging at 475 ◦C for 180 min and that a slower cooling rate after solution treatment will lead to more significant PS. Hence, PS depends on the plate thickness, imposing different cooling rates in the production of duplex stainless steels.

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