Taxonomy and paleobiogeographic implication of Glabrobournonia morris and skelton (Hippuritida, Radiolitidae) from the late cretaceous yigeziya formation, southwestern tarim basin

Rao, Xin; Skelton, Peter W.; Sano, Shin-ichi and Wan, Bin (2022). Taxonomy and paleobiogeographic implication of Glabrobournonia morris and skelton (Hippuritida, Radiolitidae) from the late cretaceous yigeziya formation, southwestern tarim basin. Palaeoworld (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palwor.2022.05.003

Abstract

A re-examination of the specimens that were identified as Biradiolites minor Pojarkova from the late Campanian to early Maastrichtian middle member of the Yigeziya Formation of southwestern Tarim Basin, reveals that they should be assigned to the genus Glabrobournonia Morris and Skelton. Glabrobournonia is a group of radiolitids characterized by the indented radial bands, the sinuses or ridges on the shell margins and the absence of fine ribs on the surface of the right valve. Apart from southwestern Tarim Basin, Glabrobournonia minor (Pojarkova) has also been recorded from the late Campanian of Fergana and Alai basins. The central Asian, late Campanian to early Maastrichtian G. minor differs from the late Campanian to Maastrichtian, eastern Arabian type species Glabrobournonia arabica Morris and Skelton in the flat left valve and an additional fourth ridge on the junction of the dorsal and posterior sides of the right valve. Biradiolites ingens (Des Moulins) is probably the direct ancestor of Glabrobournonia. The paleogeographic distribution of Glabrobournonia suggests that this genus dispersed to central Asia from the late Campanian time, indicating that it is widely distributed in the eastern Tethyan region rather than endemic to eastern Arabia. Correspondingly, specimens belonging to Gyropleura yielded from the same bed with G. minor in southwestern Tarim Basin, are similar to the specimens which were attributed to the eastern Arabian Gyropleura sp.; Campanian to early Maastrichtian Osculigera specimens described from the Yigeziya Formation are comparable with those known from the Campanian–Maastrichtian of Iran, Afghanistan and eastern Arabia. The similarity of the rudist assemblages between central Asia and eastern Arabia suggests a faunal connection and affinity between the north and south margins of the eastern Tethyan realm during Campanian to early Maastrichtian times.

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