Analysis of RABITT time delays using the stationary multiphoton molecular R -matrix approach

Benda, J.; Mašín, Z. and Gorfinkiel, J. D. (2022). Analysis of RABITT time delays using the stationary multiphoton molecular R -matrix approach. Physical Review A, 105(5)



We employ the recently developed multiphoton R- matrix method for molecular above-threshold photoionization to obtain second-order ionization amplitudes that govern the interference in RABITT experiments. This allows us to extract RABITT time delays that are in better agreement with nonperturbative time-dependent simulations of this process than the typically used combination of first-order (Wigner) delays and asymptotic corrections. We calculate molecular-frame as well as orientation-averaged RABITT delays for H2, N2, CO2, H2O and N2O and analyze the origin of various structures in the time delays including the effects of partial-wave interference, shape resonances, and orientation averaging. Time delays for B and C states of CO2+ are strongly affected by absorption of the second (IR) photon in the ion. This effect corresponds to an additional contribution τcoupl to the asymptotic approximation for the RABITT delays ττmol+τcc+τcoupl. Applicability of the asymptotic theory depends on the target and IR photon energy but typically starts at approximately 30–35 eV of XUV photon energy.

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