Home-Based Self-Employment: Combining Personal, Household and Employment Influences

Daniel, Elizabeth and Owen, Robyn (2022). Home-Based Self-Employment: Combining Personal, Household and Employment Influences. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 30(02) pp. 123–160.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218495822500054

Abstract

Despite the significant economic, innovative and social contributions of home-based self-employment, it is an under researched and under theorised area. We address this gap by drawing from established entrepreneurial theory to propose and validate a more complete theoretical model that combines personal, household and employment influences. We validate our proposed model by drawing on quantitative data from a large-scale, longitudinal, UK-based, social studies dataset. Our validated model demonstrates how and why antecedent and current household and employment factors, but not personal factors, associated with being home-based interact and provide constitutive affordances that result in a setting for self-employment that is unique in more fundamental ways than simply the home location of the business. Despite being responsible for some of the world’s most innovative and successful businesses, home-based businesses are often denigrated as lacking ambition or growth potential. The results of our analysis vindicate the choices of the home-based self-employed, by demonstrating that basing a business in the home is a rational choice based on an intersection of household and employment characteristics. The data used in this study predates the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it is expected that home-based self-employment will grow significantly following the pandemic, both in response to increasing acceptance of home-working and as a result of increased unemployment. It therefore behoves entrepreneurship scholars to have a robust understanding of this previously over-looked type of self-employment if we are to be able to provide guidance to policy makers and self-employment support services.

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