Investigation into reversed-phase chromatography peptide separation systems part V: Establishment of a screening strategy for development of methods for assessment of pharmaceutical peptide's purity

Cheung, Ming Yui; Bruce, James; Euerby, Melvin R.; Field, Jennifer K. and Petersson, Patrik (2022). Investigation into reversed-phase chromatography peptide separation systems part V: Establishment of a screening strategy for development of methods for assessment of pharmaceutical peptide's purity. Journal of Chromatography A, 1668, article no. 462888.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2022.462888

Abstract

The paper describes a simple and rapid reversed-phase UHPLC method development screening strategy for the purity determination of peptide-based pharmaceuticals. The protocol utilises five disparate column and six volatile or non-volatile mobile phases (i.e., 30 combinations). The method development strategy has been demonstrated to be highly effective in identifying conditions which generate complementary selectivity and good peak shape. Columns with varying degrees of charge (positive and negative), in addition to their differing hydrophobic character, were used in combination with mobile phases within the pH range of 2.3 to 5.1. The novel ion-pair / chaotropic reagent ammonium hexafluorophosphate at pH 2.3 was shown to be an extremely useful mobile phase additive in that it produced excellent complementary separation and good peak shape. Methanesulfonic acid was demonstrated to be a good alternative to the ubiquitously employed trifluoroacetic acid which failed to generate optimum separation for the peptides investigated highlighting the importance of screening disparate mobile phase additives. Both ammonium hexafluorophosphate and methanesulfonic acid were shown not to adversely affect the stability of C18 columns or demonstrated any irreversible adsorption / memory effects. No pH hysteresis effects were demonstrated with any of the stationary phases on mobile phase pH cycling. No major problems have been observed with the novel mobile phase additives ammonium hexafluorophosphate and methanesulfonic acid, however, it is recommended that they be used with caution until long-term routine use has been established.

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